The Treaties should offer that, if Arab owners of land within the Jewish State or Jewish owners of land into the Arab State should need to offer their land and any plantations or crops thereon,

the us government associated with the State stressed should be responsible for the acquisition of these land, plantations and plants at a high price become fixed, if needs, by the Mandatory management. For this function a loan need, if needed, be assured for a fair quantity.

The aspect that is political of land issue is nevertheless more crucial. Because of the truth that there has been no census since 1931 it really is impractical to determine with any precision the distribution of populace between your Arab and Jewish areas; but, relating to an estimate that is approximate in the region allotted to the Jewish State (excluding the metropolitan districts become retained for an interval under Mandatory management) there are now about 225,000 Arabs. In the region allotted to the Arab State there are merely about 1,250 Jews; but there are about 125,000 Jews as against 85,000 Arabs in Jerusalem and Haifa. The presence of these minorities demonstrably constitutes the essential hindrance that is serious the smooth and effective procedure of Partition. In the event that settlement is usually to be neat and last, the concern must certanly be boldly faced and securely managed. It calls when it comes to statesmanship that is highest regarding the element of all worried.

A precedent is afforded by the exchange effected between your Greek and Turkish populations regarding the morrow associated with Greco-Turkish War of 1922.

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The Greek signed a convention and Turkish Governments, providing that, underneath the direction for the League of Nations, Greek nationals regarding the Orthodox faith living in Turkey should always be compulsorily eliminated to Greece, and Turkish nationals regarding the Moslem religion staying in Greece to Turkey. The figures included were high–no lower than some 1,300,000 Greeks plus some 400,000 Turks. But therefore vigorously and effectively was the task accomplished that within about eighteen months through the springtime of 1923 the exchange that is whole finished. The courage of this Greek and Turkish statesmen concerned was justified by the outcome. Ahead of the operation the Greek and Turkish minorities was in fact a consistent irritant. Now Greco-Turkish relations are friendlier than they’ve ever been prior to.

In Northern Greece a surplus of cultivable land was available or could quickly be manufactured readily available for the settlement associated with the Greeks evacuated from Turkey. No such surplus in Palestine there is at present. Area exists or could quickly be supplied in the proposed boundaries associated with Jewish State when it comes to Jews now located in the area that is arab. It will be the much larger amount of Arab who constitute the significant problem; and, though some of those could possibly be re-settled from the land vacated because of the Jews, much more land could be necessary for the re-settlement of most of those. Such information as is available warrants the hope that the execution of large-scale plans for irrigation, water-storage, and development in Trans-Jordan, Beersheba and also the Jordan Valley would make supply for the bigger population than exists there in the time that is present.

Those areas, consequently, should always be surveyed and an estimate manufactured from the practical probabilities of development and irrigation as fast as possible.

The most strenuous efforts should be made to obtain an agreement for the transfer of land and population if, as a result, it is clear that a substantial amount of land could be made available for the re-settlement of Arabs living in the Jewish area. In view of this antagonism that is present the events as well as the manifest benefit to both of those for decreasing the opportunities of future friction towards the utmost, its to be hoped that the Arab and also the Jewish leaders might show exactly the same high statesmanship as compared to the Turks therefore the Greeks while making the same bold choice with regard to comfort.